Fonte/Source, EUObserver, Greek prime minister Alexis Tsipras survived a rebellion by a quarter of his governing Syriza party on Wednesday night, after the Greek parliament passed a series of austerity measures needed to access a third EU bailout.
In a tense vote which followed a fractious debate, Greek MPs backed a raft of tax increases and spending cuts by a 229 to 64 majority in a vote which saw 39 Syriza MPs, including Tsipras’ outspoken former finance minister Yanis Varoufakis, oppose the planned bailout.
The neo-fascist Golden Dawn was the only party to oppose the bailout, which was backed by the centre-right opposition New Democracy.
The vote means that eurozone finance ministers will hold a conference call on Thursday (16 July) to discuss a €7 billion short-term financing plan using the European Financial Stability Mechanism that will be needed to keep Greece afloat while talks on a three year €86 billion loan package can be thrashed out over the summer.
The European Central Bank will also hold a meeting of its governing council, possibly with a view to extending financial support to Greek banks, which have remained closed for the last ten days.
Together with Varoufakis, a bitter critic of the German-led approach to the debt talks taken by the EU, who became an increasingly divisive figure among fellow eurozone ministers, Greek parliament speaker Zoe Konstantopoulou, and energy minister Panagiotis Lafazanis, whose Left Platform faction accounted for most of the rebels, were the most notable opponents to the bailout.
Government officials on Thursday morning hinted that Tsipras would reshuffle his ministerial team later in the day, although there is no indication that he will try to put together a national unity government. Syriza holds 162 seats in the 300 member parliament.
In a defiant speech, Tsipras told deputies that he had been faced with little option at the end of last weekend’s crisis summit in Brussels.
“I had a choice between a deal I did not agree with, or a disorderly default, or Schauble’s choice of euro exit,” said Tsipras, referring to the German finance minister’s wish to kick Greece out of the currency bloc. “There was right on our side, there was economic might on theirs,” Tsipras added
However, Vangelis Meimarakis, the interim leader of the conservative New Democracy party, accused Tsipras of weakness.
Outside the parliament, riot police were deployed as street violence erupted on the streets of Athens.
In accordance with the demands set out by its EU creditors, the new Greek austerity measures includes reforms to pensions, VAT, and corporation tax, as well as the country’s oft-maligned office of national statistics.
The retirement age will be raised to 67 years or 40 years of work, alongside increases to VAT rates, corporation tax and levies on luxury goods.
In return, talks are meant to open with a view to offering Greece a three-year €86 billion bailout, with the prospect of a restructuring of its debt burden as the only sweetener to a tough, German-led austerity programme.
However first other parliaments and governments in the eighteen other eurozone countries have to back opening bailout negotiations – with the German Bundestag (voting Friday) and a Finnish parliament committee (voting later Thursday) seen as the toughest hurdles.
Reacting to the Greek vote, German finance minister Wolfgang Schäuble said: “We are a step further” but he once again defended his controversial idea of a temporary eurozone exit for Greece.
“It would maybe be the better path for Greece,” he told German radio.
The French parliament Wednesday became the first national legislature to formally back the bailout plan. Both the National Assembly and the Senate approved it by large majorities.